Soil plays a very important role in gardening. It is the major factor in determining the success of your gardening activities no matter what you are going to plant whether it is vegetables or ornamental type of plants.
This is because; soil is where most of the nutrients for plant growth came from. Soil which full of nutrients will enable the plants to grow healthily and vigorously.
Healthy growing plants will give you the result as what you are expected either in term of the yields or in term of their aesthetic value.
Plants that are growing healthily can also reduce the maintenance works that need to be done especially in term of pest control.
Healthy plants have their own ability to fight any pest or diseases that can affect their growth.
Besides supplying the plants with nutrients, soil is also a home for many useful organism and microorganism.
Fertile soils usually contain high beneficial organism and microorganism that help to improve the availability of soil nutrients within the soil and also improving the structure of the soil.
Example of soil organism that can help to improve the soil structure and nutrients availability within the soil is a well-known creature named earthworm.
Earthworm improve the soil structure by forming tunnels as they move around within the soil and with other complex chemical reaction when they consume and excrete back the soil.
As mentioned earlier, soil microorganisms also play a very important role in contributing to soil fertility.
An easy example is the role of the nitrogen fixation bacteria. This bacteria help to fix nitrogen from the atmosphere into the form that can be taken by plants within the soil.
According to the researches that have been done, 90 percent of nitrogen fixation in nature is effected by this bacteria.
A good soil is also a soil with a good drainage system. This type of soil usually contains optimum level of water for plants and also for soil organisms to live.
Soil that are too compact like clay soil will usually contains too much of water and are not suitable to be planted by most plants species.
Soil that contains too much water can affect the availability of the nutrients and also the availability of beneficial soil microorganism that are important for plants growth.
Not only that, soil that contains too much water can also affect your plants physically. An easy example is that your plants’ roots and stems will easily be rotten if the soil is too wet and ultimately your plants will die.
If your soil is too loose such as the sandy soil, then your soil would not be able to contain and stored enough water for plants uptake and also for soil microorganism to live.
This situation will also affect the availability of the nutrients as well as the availability of soil organisms that are essential for plants to grow healthily. Your plants could also be stunted and eventually die if the water level of your soil is too low.
Another aspect to look into to determine whether a soil is good or not is by examines the pH of the soil.
PH of the soil also plays a very important role in influencing the availability of many nutrients within the soil.
There will always some nutrients that are missing if the pH of your soil is too high or too low.
For those of you do not know, high pH means the soil is alkaline and low pH means the soil is acidic.
The pH scale is from 1 to 14 with 7 to be as the neutral pH (not acidic and not alkaline).
This mean that numbers from 1 to 6.9 is acidic with 1 is the most acidic and number 7.1 to 14 is alkaline with 14 is the most alkaline.
The best general pH for most of the plants is between 5.5 and 7.5. Therefore you need to ensure that your soil pH to be in that range so that your pants can grow healthily.
Organic matters that exist within the soil are also a factor for the soil to be the best gardening soil for you to use.
Organic matters within the soil contain a lot of useful nutrients that were derived from the decomposing of the natural elements.
In fact, in organic gardening methods, compost is one of the major elements used to supply nutrients for the plants as chemical fertilizer were not allowed to be used in this gardening methods.
Organic matters is also the source for beneficial microorganism. In order for natural things to be decomposed it needs a lot of microorganism to break down the big particles into small particles until all the nutrients can be released so that the plants can use it.
What if the soil condition at your garden is not in a good condition? Can you fix it?
The answer for that question is yes. No matter how bad the condition of your soil now, you can still fix it and continue with your gardening activities.
It is not that hard to improve a bad soil, if your soil is a clay or sandy soil you just need to increase the organic matter within the soil.
Examples of organic matters that you can put into your soil are animal manure, compost and bone and blood meal. You can also use mulch when doing your gardening to improve the availability of organic matter with time.
If your soil is too acidic then you can buy and apply agriculture lime to your soil and if your soil is too alkaline then you can apply sulfur to it. All these material can easily be obtained from your nearest gardening store. There is nothing special about it.
After reading all these, it is hope that you understand the importance of soil in gardening activities.
And if are having problem with your soil, after reading this article it is hope that you know that to rectify the problem soils are not that hard and you should be able to do it.
If you are not keen in doing all the rectification works of your soil, you can always obtain the best gardening soil by buying them from gardening shops.
There are actually a lot of brands of gardening soil available in the market, besides the general uses gardening soil; there are some gardening soils that were prepared for special needs of the gardeners.
There are soil that is prepared slightly alkaline and there are also soil that is prepared slightly acidic. This is due to some plants are comfortable with the soil in that condition.
There are also soils that are prepared specifically for specific species of garden or vegetables plants such as soil for tomatoes and soil for cactus.
It is up to you to choose which gardening soil is the best for you and your plants.
To make it easier for you to get the best gardening soil, below are a few good gardening soil available in the market at Amazon.com.
a) Foxfarm FX14000 Ocean Forest Soil, Smart Naturals, 1.5 cubic feet (38.6 dry qts)
This is one of the gardening soils available at Amazon.com.
This gardening soil brand received high ratings from its previous customers. There are also a lot of encouraging reviews regarding the performance of this gardening soil from people who have bought and used this gardening soil.
This gardening soil is derived from ocean forest organic soil and can be used straight away from the packaging for planting purposes.
It contains a lot of useful organic matters such as earthworm castings, bat guano as well as micro-nutrients.
If you would like to more information about this gardening soil please click here.
b) Miracle-Gro Garden Soil for Flowers and Vegetables, 2-Cubic Feet
This is gardening soil is also one of the famous gardening soil at Amazon.com.
It received a lot of positive reviews from its previous customers. The ratings that this gardening soil received are also quite high.
This could be an indication that this product is doing well.
This gardening soil also contains a lot of organic matters to improve the soil fertility. Some of the organic matters that were mentioned in the product description are sphagnum peat moss and manure.
If you would like to have more information about this gardening soil please click here.
c) FoxFarm Happy Frog Potting Soil, 2-Cubic Feet
This is another good gardening soil should you want to try it.
As both of the gardening soil mentioned above, this gardening soil is also being rated quite high by its previous customers. It also been reviewed positively in the review section.
This gardening soil contains a lot of organic matter as well as soil microorganism to improve the nutrients availability within the soil.
If you would like to know more about this gardening soil, please click here.
It has come to the end of this article. Should you have anything that you wanted to ask about gardening soil, please do not hesitate to write it in the comment section below. I am more than happy if i could help you.
For experienced gardeners who have something to say, you are welcome to write your opinion and tips regarding this topic. Please write it in the comment section below.