Practicing the organic gardening principles is one of the best ways for you to have healthy and safe supplies of vegetables and fruits from your garden.
Many people have opted by using this method in order for them to avoid from using the chemical pesticides and fertilizers in their gardening activity.
However, in the real world, not many people are actually knowledgeable on how to successfully apply the organic gardening principles especially in avoiding the pests and disease attack.
One of the main aspects that need to be mastered before you start any attempt to do gardening organically is to understand the subject of soil fertility.
Unfortunately, the soil fertility subject is quite a complex subject that diverse in topics to be understood. Luckily for you, the practical information on organic gardening are at your fingertips nowadays.
Successful organic gardening really depends on the fertility of the soil as we are not going to involve any chemical to ensure the soil is always fertile for the plants.
The main aspect or principle to be kept in mind in maintaining the soil fertility in organic gardening is to do as natural as you can.
To have a fertile soil, there many variables or factors that you need to look into. This is due to not just one factor is affecting the condition of the soil.
You need to know what is the best mix of the macro and micronutrients based on the type of plants that you are growing so that they grow healthily and can eventually give you better yields.
Examples of macronutrients are nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and some examples of micronutrients are boron, zinc, and manganese.
When you have already determined what nutrients that are essential for your plant’s growth then you need to identify what kind of natural product, organic fertilizers or compost that can best give you the nutrients that you need.
For this purposes, you need to do a little bit of research of which things or materials will give the most nutrients that you need into your soil.
In general, animal manures are used as fertilizers in giving micro and macro nutrients as they have high readily available nutrients for plants to absorb.
On the other hand, compost can also be used as a supplement in giving your plants extra nutrients.
Some factor that you can look into to ensure the availability of soil nutrients within your soil are as below:
1. Soil pH
Soil pH is one of the factors in determining whether your soil is in a fertile condition or not.
For those of you who are still new in gardening, the soil pH means the state of acidity or alkalinity of the soil.
In order to know the pH of your soil is very easy nowadays, you just need to by the soil pH tester kit to do a simple test. If you prefer to buy it online you can get it at Amazon.com. Please bear in mind that this simple method, however, does not replace the accuracy of the test that you can get from the lab test.
Optimum soil pH for many plants is between 6 to 7.5. Below 6 means too acidic and above 7.5 is too alkaline.
To be specific, the optimum soil pH for some specific plants is different than the majority of other plants. Some may best grow in a little bit acidic soil and some may best grow in alkaline soil.
pH of the soils if very important in determining the availability of nutrients in your soil.
This is because some nutrients cannot exist in the soil that is too acidic and some nutrients cannot be available in the soil that is too alkaline.
This mean no matter how much fertilizer that you pour onto the soil but at the same time the pH condition of the soil does not permit for the nutrients to exist in there, it is still useless. Your plants will never get the nutrients they need.
Another factor in determine whether your soil is fertile or not is the composition of the air within the soil.
A good soil usually consists about 25% of the air in its composition. Air is needed for many living things within the soil such worms and microorganism that help to fertile the soil.
You do not need to become an expert and know everything about soil aeration, what is important is that you know that better aeration of the soil leads to fertile soil.
Therefore, try to avoid either by intentionally or unintentionally compacting your soil while doing your gardening works such as stepping on the planting beds.
In case you feel that your soil is compact, just treat them with the organic fertilizer such as animal manures and compost.
Then, till the soil, until the mixture of the soil and the organic material are good for planting.
Examples of the type of soils that need to be treated before doing any planting are the clay and the silt soils.
3. Water Holding Capacity
You need soils that can hold water before your plants can absorb it. At the same time, however, too much of water can also damage your plants. A good soil actually consisted about 25% of water. A slightly plus and minus from that can still be tolerable.
A good soil should actually consist about 25% of water. A slightly plus and minus from that percentage can still be tolerable.
If your gardening soil holds too much of water such as that usually happened with the clay type of soil then it is quite a big problem for you.
Problems will also occur when the soil does not even hold water at all such as what usually happened with the sandy type of soil.
Too much water in the soil can lead to your plant’s roots to be rotten and too less water in the soil, and everybody knows this, will make your plants dry.
Whatever the conditions of your soil are, please do not be worried as everything can be solved.
As usual, for both of the cases, you can treat your soil with organic matters such animal manure and compost to fix the soil structure and help your soil to hold the correct water capacity.
Other Things That You Do Before Planting Your Plants
Besides what have been discussed, there are a few other things that you should do in preparing your soil before you can grow any plants into it.
These few things, such as the process to get rid of all the weeds at the planting site, to clear all the stones, and tiling the soil should be done without saying.
Organic gardening can also mean natural gardening that the main concept is to use natural products in your gardening activities.
Regarding the soil and how to improve it, it is important for you to stick to the concept of organic gardening in whatever you do to fertilize the soil.
Try your best to not use any chemical products in fixing your soil problems.
Soil fixing activity with the organic materials is best done when you have not yet started planting anything into the soil.
This is important so that you will feel satisfied with the organic products that you will yield towards the end.
This article may not be perfect in covering all important aspects of the topic that we are discussing (Organic Gardening Tips on Soil).
Therefore, please feel free to give your insights and opinion on the comment section below.