One the most famous ways nowadays in growing the vegetables is to grow them organically.
The major factor for the organic gardening trend to increase among the people is due to the health awareness among the community has increased.
People do believe that consuming organic food are safer and healthier compared to the food that was grown conventionally. Some people and professional cooks also said that the organic food has a better taste than the conventionally grown one.
Despite the increasing interest in the organic food and organic gardening by home gardeners, not many people, however, actually really knows how to grow the organic food correctly at their home.
This resulted in a lot of failures especially for novice gardener in trying to grow their own food organically.
Among the common problems faced by many gardeners are the weed problems, how to control all the pests and diseases that affected the plants and also how to provide the plants with adequate nutrients without having to use any synthetic fertilizers to their plants.
To answer all that questions, below are some pieces of advice on what you can do in order to achieve the best result from your effort when growing your plants in an organic way.
1. Preparing The Soil
The soil is the very crucial element to ensure all your gardening effort will produce the result that you are expecting.
Without a good soil, no matter how much effort that you have put out, it is hard for your plants to grow vigorously.
It is good for you, if possible, to do the soil test on your garden soil so that you could know the current condition of the soil.
With the result obtained from the soil test, you can arrange the appropriate correction measurements that are needed to improve the condition of the soil.
The best way to do the soil test is to send your garden soil for a lab test to the nearest soil lab available. Apart from the raw result, the lab will also usually recommend the correction measurement that you can execute based on the test result.
You are advised tell them that you are growing your plants organically so that they will know exactly what advice should be given to you.
If you are not keen in sending you soil for the lab test due to some reason, you can always do some simple soil test using the soil test kits that are available on the market.
Using the simple test kit will not be as accurate as the lab test, but at least you could have some ideas of what is wrong with your soil and act accordingly based on the result that you have.
In case both the lab and simple test are not possible for you, the least thing that you can do is to start your gardening activities by amending your soil with organic matters.
For your information, organic matter has been known to improve and increase the soil fertility.
It does not only increase the availability of nutrients within your soil but can also improve the pH level as well as your soil texture and structure.
One of the best organic matters that you can put into your soil is compost.
The good thing about compost is that you do not have to buy or spend a lot of money to get them. You can always make your own compost at your home from your kitchen and garden waste.
Making your own compost does not only help to improve your soil and plants but you are also at the same time help to save the environment by preventing the waste to be dumped at the landfill.
You may have encountered some articles that discussing on how to make the best compost that suggesting some ratio of materials that need to be mixed when preparing the compost.
While it is good to follow all the suggestions if you can easily get all the materials suggested in those articles, however, please do not be disappointed and stop trying from making your own compost if you do not have all the materials suggested.
You can just use whatever you have from your kitchen and your garden waste to make your own compost.
Dig a hole, dump them together, close the hole, and wait for the compost to be readied and you are ready to use it for your gardening purposes.
2. Selecting The Plants
The second aspect that you need to look when starting to grow your vegetables organically is to carefully select the plants that you are going to grow.
Instead of growing what you think you love, it is good to grow something that is suitable to be grown around your area.
Factors like the humidity, light, shade and a few others should be taken into consideration.
Growing plants that needed full sunlight in a shady area would eventually cause you problems and the plants will be growing healthily. Plants that are growing this way will usually prone to pests and diseases attack.
When buying seedlings to be planted, it is also good if you could buy the one that was sowed and taken care organically from the producer.
Another important aspect of taking care of your plants is the watering process.
While watering looks very simple, not many people, however, know how to do it correctly.
It is advisable for you to water your plants early in the morning as all the excessive water will eventually dry out from the transpiration process.
Watering your plants in late evening will usually leave the moisture all night long and this is not a good situation to let it happen as it will expose your plants to fungal diseases.
You are also advised to water your plants on the soil and not onto the plants’ leaves in order to not attracting any fungal from the wet and moist condition.
Regarding the watering quantity, different plants usually need different water quantity. It is good for you to read about the planting tips on how to grow the plants that you are interested in correctly.
4. Weed Control
Whether you like it or not, weeds are the common problem that needs to be addressed by any gardeners.
One of the common ways used by organic gardeners to prevent weeds at the growing area is by applying mulches on the ground around the planted plants.
It does matter how you grow your plants, either using the beds or containers, mulches could help you to reduce the weed problems.
Using organic mulches such as straws and hays are preferable by many homeowners compared to the synthetic mulches such weed barriers fabric, plastic mulches, and rubber mulches.
Organic mulches will eventually rot and this will help to increase the amount of organic matter into your soil.
If there are still weeds after using mulches, there is no harm if you just pull them out with your hand.
It might seem like a vile work to do, but it could also become a good little exercise that is good for your health. There are also studies that have shown that playing with dirt could also benefit our soul and mind.
5. Pest Control
The first thing that you need to bear in mind when talking about pest control is that healthy plants usually have their own immunity to fight pests and diseases.
It is when the plants are weak then they are prone to be attacked and infected by pests and diseases.
Therefore, the first thing you need to do is to ensure all the plant’s requirements that are needed for them to grow healthily such as the nutrients, air, water, and light are in the optimum condition.
You can also try to attract beneficial predators to your garden that are being afraid by the pests, however, will not be going to harm your plants. Examples of beneficial predators are frogs, lizards, and birds.
There are also beneficial insects that you can attract to garden such as ladybugs that are afraid by the aphids.
Some garden gardening shops also sell beneficial insects that you can then release them to your garden. The problem with this method is that there is no guarantee that the insects that you released will stay in your garden.
Apart from the biological control, there are also mechanical ways that can use to control the pests in your garden.
Things such as sticky insects trap and pest repelling mulches can also be used to control the pests from ruining your plants.
There are also some people who are using homemade pesticides that were made from natural ingredients to control pests in their garden. If you do not know the recipe, you can just Google it and there will be a lot of people sharing their homemade pesticides recipes that you can follow.
It is actually not that hard to grow your plants organically.
Only some basic knowledge and requirements are needed so that your effort will become fruitful.
Should you have anything to say about what we have just discussed, please do not hesitate to write it in the comment section below.