How To Improve The Fertility of Your Garden Soil


As we are very well informed, soil is one of the main factors that will determine the success of all the effort that you have put into your gardening activities.

Without a good soil, it is hard for your plants to grow healthily and produce the result that you are expecting.

It does not matter what type of plants you are growing, either ornamental or vegetables, soil need to be deemed as a very important factor that needs to be looked into so that all the effort that you have put will not be wasted.

The Importance of Fertile Soil to The Plants

One of the main roles of soil is to supply all the nutrients needed by the plants so that the optimum growth of the plants could be achieved.

Nutrients need to be supplied from the beginning of the seedlings up until the plants producing the yields.

Each different stages of the plant’s growth have different requirements of nutrients. Therefore, you need to ensure the particular soil nutrient is given at the right time when the plants are really in need of them.

Besides the nutrients, a fertile soil also needs to contain enough oxygen and water.

Same as the nutrients, the air and water are also important elements that soil need to have to ensure the healthy plant growth.

Soil should be able to contain enough air and water so that the roots system of the plants could consume them whenever they are needed.

The type of soil that is too loose usually such as the sandy soil will not be able to hold enough water and the soil that is too compact such as the clay soil could not provide enough air for the roots system to breathe and get the oxygen.

You need to provide the plants with the best soil condition to ensure the healthy growth of your plants.

When the soil is in a good condition, the plant will usually grow healthily and vigorously. Healthy plants will also have their own immunity system to fight the pests and disease attack.

On the other hand, unhealthy plants will be susceptible to pests and diseases attack. That is why it is important for you to maintain the healthy state of the plant by providing them with the best fertile soil possible.

How To Increase The Soil Fertility of Your Garden.

1. Compost

The first and one of the famous ways that you can do to improve the fertility of your garden soil is by using the compost.

It does not mean that you need to spend a lot of your money to buy the compost product from the gardening shop.

You can actually make your own compost as most of your kitchen wastes and gardening wastes can easily be transformed into compost.

You also do not have to buy the sophisticated compost bin in order for your to produce your own compost. Any bin or container is good enough for you to use to make your own compost.

Just dump everything in one place and wait until all the materials fully decompose, you can then use the decomposed material for you gardening activity.

2. Dried Leaves

If you have a lot of trees around your garden and they are dropping a lot of dried leaves, please do not be worried about cleaning and dumping them far away from your home.

You can actually use all the fallen dried leaves in your gardening activity to improve the soil fertility.

It is good if you could chop all the leaves into small pieces before putting them onto your soil as small pieces are easy to be rotten and decomposed to eventually release all the nutrients back into your soil.

You do not have to have a sophisticated machine to make the leaves into small pieces. If you have a lawn mower with you, it is already good enough.

Run the lawn mower on the leaves a few times to make them into small pieces and you are ready to put them onto your soil.

By doing this, you are not only helping to improve the fertility of the soil but could also help to prevent your growing beds from being invaded by the weeds as the leaves could also act as the mulch material that covers your planting beds from the sunlight which is not favorable by the weeds.

3. Earthworm

Earthworm is one of the gardeners’ best friend. The present of the earthworm within your gardening soil will surely help to improve the fertility of your garden soil.

Earthworms can assist to increase the availability of the nutrients within the soil as they are helping in the decomposing process of the organic matters within the soil.

Besides that, other earthworm’s activities within the soil could also help to improve the soil texture and structure as well as the soil aeration that immensely help the plants growth.

You can always buy the earthworm that is being sold in the gardening store to introduce them into your garden soil.

However, the problem with this method is that you do not know whether they will stay or survive in your garden soil.

This is due to the earthworm usually love to live in a soil that is moist and high in organic matters. If your garden soil condition is not in accordance with their needs, most probably they will not stay long there or they will die.

Therefore, the best thing that you can do is to attract them to your garden instead of buying and putting them into your garden soil.

To attract the earthworm, the first thing you need to do is to increase the amount of organic matter within your soil.

It might take a bit little of time for them to come but it will be worth it as once they come by themselves, they will stay there for a longer period of time as long as the condition is favorable for them to live.

4. Urine

This might sound a little bit ridiculous and uneasy for certain people, however, it is a fact that cannot be denied.

If you do not feel like to use it in your vegetable gardening activity, you can always use them for the ornamental plants where you are not going to eat the produce.

Urine is an acidic substance that is rich in nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus which are the macronutrients that are essential for the plant’s growth.

To safely use the urine, you need to initially dilute them in the first place as pure urine is very acidic and could cause injuries to your plants if come in contact.

The advisable ratio for you to dilute the urine is to mix one part of the urine with ten part of water.

By diluting the urine, you are now safe to use it to improve your soil. It is also advisable that you put the urine directly onto the soil without touching any of the plant’s parts to avoid any injury to your plants.

5. Rotate with Different Plants Each Season.

You are also advised to not grow the same plants or the plants that are closely related every time or every season on the same place.

Each different plant will usually use a different type of nutrients in different quantity. Some plants may use more nitrogen and some plants may use more potassium or any other nutrients according to their needs.

By rotating the plants, you will preserve the availability of each nutrient and gave the soil sometimes to accumulate and improve back any nutrient deficiencies caused by the previous season planting.


As you can see there are a lot of inexpensive ways to improve the garden soil so that you could have optimum result from your gardening effort.

All the suggestions given above could be executed instantly without having you to wait for any sophisticated machine or materials.

Should you have any insights or experienced that you would like to share regarding how to improve the garden soil fertility, please do not hesitate to write it in the comment section below.

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