Turmeric or its scientific name Curcuma longa is one of the famous herbs planted by the home gardeners.
It does not only give you a good taste to your foods but is also believed to be beneficial to our health and can also treat some diseases.
To plant turmeric is not that hard at all.
You can basically plant its rhizome and left it to grow with only minimal care.
With proper watering and a little bit of fertilizer, you can then happily harvest the turmeric with good results.
Most people are wondering about how long does it take for them to harvest the turmeric once planted.
The answer is, in most cases, it will usually take 7 to 10 months for you to harvest the turmeric from the start of planting.
Your turmeric is ready to harvest when the leaves and stem start to turn brown and dry, about seven to 10 months after planting. Tip out the plants, soil and all, and shake the soil off your fresh turmeric. Cut the stems off an inch or so above the mass of rhizomes and wash the rhizomes well.Source: https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/home/gardening/a20706465/how-to-grow-turmeric/
How To Successfully Grow Turmeric and Get The Best Harvest?
As we already know how long does it take for the turmeric to be harvested, it is now the time for you to learn how to properly grow them in order for you to get the best result from your growing activities.
1. Best Soil for Growing Tumeric
Soil is very important for the optimum growth of any plant.
Therefore before we start to grow our turmeric, it is best for us to first know what is the best soil for them to grow.
So what is the best soil for turmeric?
Although many different soil types are permissible, turmeric grows best in well-drained, sandy soil that is rich in organic matter. It is also preferable to maintain a pH level of 6.0 – 6.5. For best results, dampen the soil prior to planting.Source: https://www.herbazest.com/herb-garden/growing-turmeric
The above fact is also backed up by another article written at balconygardenweb.com in its article Growing Turmeric In Pots | How To Grow Turmeric, Care, Uses & Benefits which says:
Plant turmeric in a light and loamy soil that is rich in organic matters. Use well-drained soil otherwise the plant will suffer.Source: https://balconygardenweb.com/growing-turmeric-in-pots-how-to-grow-turmeric-care-uses-benefits/
2. Turmeric Rhizomes
Plants can be grown from many different parts.
It the case of turmeric, most of the time it will be planted and grown from its rhizome.
In the article the advice on how to choose a good rhizome for turmeric planting goes as follows:
To grow turmeric, you need to purchase turmeric rhizomes. They look sort of like ginger root, and can be found in most grocery or health food stores. Look for rhizomes with a lot of little bumps on the round portion sticking out of the root. These are called buds, and the number of buds on a rhizome will determine how big the plant gets.Source: https://www.wikihow.com/Grow-Turmeric
To make it easier for us to understand the statement above, we could make a conclusion in simple words that a good rhizome is the one that has a lot of buds that look like little bumps sticking out of the root.
Therefore, please to always bear that in your mind when looking for the turmeric rhizomes.
This will ensure you to get the best and huge quantity of turmeric during the harvesting time.
3. Watering Your Tumeric Plants
As mentioned earlier in the best soil for growing turmeric, the plants need well-drained soil.
This will indirectly tell us that turmeric plants hate excessive water and waterlogged is even worse.
Too much water will lead to unhealthy turmeric plants and could also cause certain diseases such as root rot.
What you need to do is to make sure that the soil is always moist and do not leave the soil dry or with too much water.
To support the above watering arguments, let us look at an article from www.offthegridnews.com entitled “How To Grow Turmeric Indoors (The Secret Is In The Watering)“.
Here what is says regarding watering the turmeric plants:
Turmeric grows better when it is kept moist, especially in hot climates. Water it about every two days, and spray it with a mist bottle between waterings. When the weather is cold, you will not need to water it as often. You always want the soil to be moist, but never soggy!Source: https://www.offthegridnews.com/survival-gardening-2/how-to-grow-turmeric-indoors-the-secret-is-in-the-watering/
The article even mentioned to only water your turmeric plants once in two days to stressed out on the importance of not to overwatering your turmeric plants.
However, it is actually really depending on your place weather condition.
If you are living in a hot climate area, you may need to water your turmeric plants every day instead of once in 2 days.
The main concept is to make sure your soil to always moist so that your turmeric plants can grow healthily.
4. Fertilizing The Turmeric
Nutrients are essentials for plant growth especially the one that you are going to harvest.
Adequate nutrients are important to ensure the produced of your harvest will be in the best quality.
For homegrown turmeric, there is actually nothing much you have to do.
Applying a little bit of organic fertilizer every month is more than enough for them to grow vigorously.
However, if you are planting them in a large scale, a proper fertilizer application is important in order to ensure all the major nutrients needed by the plant is enough.
To add adequate Ca and Mg dolomite is mixed with the soil immediately after ploughing at the rate of 1-2 mt. /ha. To get a higher yield sawdust ash also added to the soil at the rate of 3-4kg/square meter of the bed during the land preparation period.Source: http://www.exportagridept.gov.lk/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=159&lang=en
Regarding the fertilization recommendation, they recommended as follows:
|Time||Organic fertilizer||Urea(kg)||TSP (kg)||MOP (kg)|
|Basal||At the time of planting||20 mt||100|
|1st app.||After 01 months||65||100|
|2nd app.||After 03 months||65||100|
5. Harvesting Tumeric
As mentioned earlier in this article, turmeric will be ready to be harvested 8-10 months after planting.
This means as mentioned in the article at www.exportagridept.gov.lk, your turmeric is ready to be harvested around December to January if you start planting them around March and April.
Harvesting is done after 8-10 months of planting. If planted in March-April Season turmeric is ready to be harvested by December – January.Source: http://www.exportagridept.gov.lk/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=159&lang=en
With that time frame in mind, how do you now that your turmeric is ready to be harvested apart from the time frame given?
Well, the same article also gives you a little bit of hint on turmeric plant characteristics that are ready to be harvested.
It goes as follows:
During that time plants become yellow in color and start leaves drying. Harvesting is done with care not to damage rhizomes and attached soil clusters should be removed with a wooden stick.Source: http://www.exportagridept.gov.lk/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138&Itemid=159&lang=en
Based on the statement given, it is also crucial for you to not damage the turmeric rhizomes that have been pulled out.
This will ensure that the turmeric is harvested as a whole and not broken in pieces to ensure the quality of your harvest.
It is hoped that you get a nice idea on how to grow your turmeric correctly with this article.
For those who are new to the turmeric plants, please do not be afraid to try them.
It may seem a lot of things that need to be done.
However, turmeric is not a hard type of plant to be grown.
In fact, it is a good type of plant for the beginner or intermediate gardener.
Please feel to ask any questions or give your feedback on the comment section below.
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