There are many ways on how you can start to grow your vegetables and one of them is starting them out from the seeds.
The question now is, how to sow the vegetable seeds n the correct way?
Some people are afraid to sow their own seeds as they are afraid of not having healthy seedlings that they can grow on the field later.
As a result, they preferred to buy the vegetable seedlings from the supplier and straight away planting them in their garden.
While there is nothing wrong with that technique, there are still a lot of benefits that you could gain from sowing your own vegetable seeds.
Before we go and start to discuss in a little bit detail on how you could start to grow vegetables from seeds, it is good that you know some of the benefits of doing it.
Benefits From Growing Vegetables from The Seeds
It might be a little bit harder to start growing your plants from the seeds but trying do it could give a few advantages.
According to Planet Natural, below are some of the advantages from sowing your own vegetable seeds:
1. More Varieties
If you go to any shops that are selling vegetable seedlings for you to buy, you will find that there are not many varieties of vegetable seedlings to be bought.
Unlike the seedlings, the vegetable seeds are being sold in a lot of varieties even in one shop.
As a result, you could choose any varieties or even a few varieties of any type of vegetables that you can grow in your garden.
Buying the vegetable seeds are a lot cheaper than buying the vegetable seedlings.
This will help you to save a little bit of your money or you can grow a lot more vegetables from the seeds by using the money that you have allocated for seedlings.
3. Getting a known quality
This should be easy to understand. As you have been taken care of your plants starting from the seeds and up until you reap the harvest, you should be well known of the quality of the produced.
Sowing Your Vegetables Seeds
Sowing the vegetable seeds should not be something that you should afraid off.
With a little bit of proper knowledge and some help from good gardening materials, you would be able to sow your seed successfully.
1. Where to sow your seeds
Before thinking of the technical part of sowing the vegetable seeds, the first thing that you need to determine is where should you sow the seeds.
There are usually two ways how people sow the vegetable seeds.
The first one is to sow directly onto the growing beds in your garden and the second one is to sow it indoor either in the greenhouse on within your home.
This is usually depending on the type of vegetables that you want to grow. Some vegetables are best to be sowed directly into your garden and some vegetables are best to be sowed indoor before you can transplant them.
There are also some vegetables that you can choose either to sow the seeds directly onto the beds or sow them indoors initially.
Examples of the vegetable seeds that you can directly sow onto the beds are carrots, beats, radishes beans and peas and examples of vegetables that need to sow indoor are tomatoes, eggplants, and peppers.
On the hand, melons, squash, and cucumbers can either be sowed directly onto the planting beds or you can choose to sow it indoor and then transfer them to the ground later when there are ready.
Times to sow the vegetable seeds
The second part after you finish determining where to sow the vegetable seeds is to determine when is the best time that you should sow the seeds.
The reason for this is because different types of vegetables are best to grow in different seasons.
There are always different vegetables that you can best grow in the 4 seasons.
Below are some examples of vegetables that you can grow according to the seasons:
Beets, Bell Peppers, Butter Lettuce, Chayote Squash, Chinese Long Beans,Corn,Crookneck Squash,Cucumbers, Eggplant,Endive,Garlic,Green Beans,Green Soybeans (Edamame),Jalapeno Peppers,Lima Beans,Manoa Lettuce,Okra and Peas.
Acorn Squash, Belgian Endive, Black Salsify, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Butter Lettuce, Buttercup Squash, Butternut Squash, Cauliflower, Chayote Squash, Chinese Long Beans, Delicata Squash, Diakon Radish, Endive, Garlic, Ginger, Jalapeno, Peppers, Jerusalem, Artichoke, Kohlrabi, Pumpkin, Radicchio, Sweet Dumpling Squash, Sweet Potatoes
Belgian Endive, Brussels Sprouts, Buttercup Squash, Collard Greens, Delicata Squash, Kale, Leeks, Sweet, Dumpling Squash, Sweet Potatoes, Turnips, Winter Squash.
Artichokes , Asparagus, Belgian Endive, Broccoli, Butter, Lettuce, Cactus, Chayote Squash, Chives, Collard Greens, Corn, Fava Beans, Fennel, Fiddlehead Ferns, Green Beans, Manoa Lettuce, Morel Mushrooms, Mustard Greens, Pea Pods, Peas, Purple Asparagus.
Different Methods To Sow Vegetables Seeds
After having well versed regarding what type of vegetables that are the best you can grow according to the season, it’s now time for you to learn how to sow the seeds correctly.
Sowing the Seeds Directly Into Your Garden
First of all, you need to make sure that the soil where you are going to put the seeds is already well prepared.
It should be rich with organic material or compost and free from weeds or weed seeds.
The soil should also in a very nice texture and not compact.
The second step that you need to do is to read the instruction of how to sow your seeds correctly behind the seeds packaging given from the seed’s producer.
This is because the different type of vegetables has different requirements of the best way to sow them.
A general way when sowing your seeds directly on the ground is you first need to make a drain line on the growing beds.
The normal depth of the line is usually 3 times as deep as the seed diameter.
You then need to put the seed into the drain line that you have made. Follow the best distance between the seeds mentioned on the seed’s packaging.
Don’t be too worried about the distances between the seeds when putting them on the ground as you can thin the seeds that are too close apart later.
Once you have finished putting the seeds into the line, just cover it with the soil same as the level of the existing soil at the surrounding area
With that, you are already finish sowing your seeds directly on the ground.
You then need to water the seeds until the seeds germinate.
When the seeds produced the true leaves, you can do the thinning work.
Cut the unwanted seedlings and just leave the healthiest seedlings with the correct distance to grow.
Sowing The Seeds Indoor
Some seeds whether you like it or not, you need to first sow them indoor before transplanting them to your garden.
There are many ways on how you can sow your seeds indoor and different people have their favorite way to do it.
Below is one of the way on how you can sow the vegetable seeds indoor:
a. The seedling pot or trays.
One of the important materials that you need to have to sow the vegetable seeds indoor is the small sowing pots or the seedling trays.
There are various different seedling trays or pots that are available in the market that you can choose for this purpose.
Some are made just flat without cells and some are made with various numbers of cells on it.
It is up to you which one do you prefer to use.
After getting ready with the seedling trays, you now need to prepare the germination soils.
There are many types of germinating soils that you can buy in the market.
The only thing you need to make sure is that the soil is rich with organic material, nutrients, fluffy and the best is it is sterilized.
Using the sterilized soil could prevent the seedling from disease infection.
c. The Sowing Process
The first thing that you need to do is to moist the germination soil with a little bit of water.
Then fill the seedling trays with the moist soil.
As usual, before you start to sow any seeds, please carefully read the instructions given by the seed’s producer at the back of the packaging.
If you are using the cell types of trays put 2-3 seeds into one cell and if you are using the trays without the cells make a line on the tray and sow your seeds in a row according to the lines that have made.
Make sure you put the seeds 2-3 times deeper than its diameter into the soil either within the cells or the flat tray.
Then cover back the seeds with the soil.
d. How To Care
Once you have finish sowing the seeds into the trays, wrap the trays with a plastic bag to retain the moisture.
You then need to put the trays in any place in your house or greenhouse that has the optimum temperature for the seeds to germinate.
The recommended optimum temperature is usually stated at the seeds packaging.
Now, you just need to wait for the seeds to germinate. Just regularly check to know the condition of your seeds.
The seeds packaging will usually tell you how long will usually the type of the vegetables that you are growing will germinate.
Once the seeds germinated, take out the plastic bag and you need to put the seedlings under the grow light for them to grow.
It does not matter what type of grow lights that you are using, the most important thing is to ensure that your seedlings are exposed to the light for about 14 hours of light daily.
When its start to grow, you can now begin to thin the seedling within the tray.
Cut the one that you do not want at the soil level and just left with the best seedlings.
Do not forget to mist your seedling with water every day.
When your seedlings are 3 times higher from the diameter of the pots, it is the time for you to transplant your seedlings into your garden.
Before you do it, it is important for you to first hardened the seedlings.
To do that, take out your the seedling outdoor for 2 to 3 hours a day one week before you transplant them.
After that, your seedlings are now ready to be transplanted into your garden.
As you can see, to sow your vegetable seeds is not a very hard task to do. Every gardener should be able to do it.
You just need to be braved to try it out and you will be surprised how easy it is to be done.
Should you have anything to say regarding sowing the vegetable seeds, please do not hesitate to say it in the comment section below.